Process for commercial tenants and landlords
On this page
- Negotiating a fair rent agreement and seeking help if needed
- Tenant question: I’m having trouble paying my monthly and/or deferred rent. What should I do?
- Landlord question: How should I respond to my tenant’s request for rent relief?
- Tenant and landlord questions: reaching an agreement and accessing the VSBC’s help if needed
The following steps outline the Victorian Small Business Commission’s (VSBC) recommended process for commercial tenants and landlords to have fair negotiations and resolve a rent relief dispute at no cost.
Negotiating a fair rent agreement and seeking help if needed
The VSBC is here to support commercial tenants and landlords who are experiencing financial hardship as a result of coronavirus (COVID-19).
Although commercial tenants are no longer entitled by law to rent relief now that the Victorian Government’s Commercial Tenancy Relief Scheme (the Scheme) has ended, we are still providing support, including:
- guidance in having negotiations and reaching a fair agreement after 28 March 2021
- free and impartial mediation to help resolve commercial rent relief disputes in response to the pandemic.
Below is the process we’re recommending tenants and landlords follow after 28 March 2021 to negotiate a fair rent agreement. It includes information on how to apply for mediation where an agreement can’t be reached.
For information on how we can help resolve disputes over rent relief requests made before 28 March 2021, including under the Scheme, see our commercial tenants and landlords web page.
Tenant question: I’m having trouble paying my monthly and/or deferred rent. What should I do?
- Review your finances and keep paying what rent you can afford.
- Contact an accountant, a business advisor or mentor, or a financial counsellor for advice as soon as you can – the Small Business Mentoring Service provides access to experienced mentors, Partners in Wellbeing provides access to free qualified financial counsellors who can help in negotiating affordable repayment plans and CPA Australia offers a helpful tool for finding a certified practising accountant in Victoria.
- Try to negotiate a new agreement on rent with your landlord that you can both accept by:
- talking with them about your situation, what rent you can afford to pay and the rent relief you are requesting (how much and for how long)
- consider supplying documents showing your fall in turnover for the leased premises (e.g. extracts from your accounting records, your BASs, bank statements that relate to your account or a statement prepared by a practising accountant) to support your request.
Landlord question: How should I respond to my tenant’s request for rent relief?
- We recommend trying to respond within 14 days of receiving the request.
- When offering rent relief, we suggest taking into account:
- any waiver or reduction of outgoings you have already provided to your tenant
- any waiver or reduction of outgoings or other expenses for the premises provided by other parties (e.g. water company or local council)
- whether your tenant’s capacity to pay rent under the lease would be compromised by not being offered sufficient relief.
Tenant and landlord questions: reaching an agreement and accessing the VSBC’s help if needed
How can I negotiate a fair agreement and what steps should I take after reaching an agreement?
- You can negotiate a fair agreement, in good faith, by:
- communicating with each other openly
- being transparent
- having discussions honestly and fairly with the genuine aim of reaching an agreement
- providing sufficient and accurate information within the context of negotiations.
- Documenting what is agreed to in writing is important – you can do this as a variation of the lease but this isn’t necessary if you have a written agreement for rent relief.
- Landlords who have provided rent relief to their tenant might be eligible for land tax relief as part of the Victorian Government’s 2020 and 2021 measures. For more information or to apply, visit the State Revenue Office’s website.
What should I do if I can’t reach an agreement or get a response from the other party?
- You can try to resolve the matter by applying for free mediation with the VSBC using our retail leases dispute form.
- When applying, make sure you include:
- all of the relevant correspondence and other materials sent between you and the other party (e.g. any written requests for rent relief and responses to these requests, documents showing fall in turnover)
- the other party’s contact details including their mailing address and phone number
- a copy of the lease.
What happens at the VSBC?
- A case officer will contact you and the other party in the dispute to try to resolve the matter early on and where this isn’t possible, arrange a free mediation session.
- At mediation, an experienced, impartial professional – the mediator – will guide both parties in negotiations via video or telephone with the aim of reaching a fair agreement that they can both accept.
- The VSBC will forward your application to the other party.
- You will be provided with information and resources to prepare you for your mediation session.
- The mediation session will be conducted at a time that suits both parties. If an agreement is reached during the session, the tenant and landlord will be able to enter into binding Terms of Settlement.
What can I do if an agreement can’t be reached or the Terms of Settlement are breached?
- You can apply to the Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal (VCAT) or a court for a decision on the dispute.
What happens if the other party refuses to negotiate through the VSBC?
- The Victorian Small Business Commissioner might issue a certificate noting this refusal so that you can pursue the matter at VCAT.
- Responses to frequently asked questions
- Scenario showing what good faith negotiations can look like
- Fact sheet with rent relief guidance for tenants and landlords